Bali is one of the 34 provinces
of Indonesia, Southeast Asia.
It has a population of over
4 million people and most of them adhere to Balinese Hinduism.
The spoken language is Balinese and Indonesian, but English
is a common third language.
In 1597 a Dutch explorer arrived at the island and in 1840,
the Dutch political and economic control began.
During World War II, the island was occupied by the Japanese.
In 1949, Bali was included in the “Republic of the United States of Indonesia” when the Netherlands recognised their independence.
Bali is a real paradise for tourists. In the south of the island, the town of Kuta, you find the incredible beautiful white sandy beaches where you can relax and enjoy a massage.
In the north and west you have black sand and all around the island are coral reefs, ideal for snorkelling and diving.
Bali is also known for its arts, historical and archaeological attractions, like traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, music or enchanting temple ceremonies.
People are very friendly, warm and gracious there.
The temperature is varying between 20-33 °C year-round.
From December to March, the west monsoon brings heavy showers and high humidity but the rain passes quickly.
From June to September, the humidity is low but it can be quite cool
in the evenings.
Bali has a varied landscape of beaches, rugged coastlines, lush rice terraces and hills and mountains.
One of the most famous is Mount Agung, “Mother Mountain”.
It’s the highest mountain with 3.031m and also an active volcano,
the last eruption was in 1963.
A lot of animals live here. There are about 280 species of birds,
like the Bali Sterling, which only lives on this island.
There also live several mammals, like the wild Banteng, Javan Rusa deer and the Wild Boar. But due to the big population and the small size of the island, the endemic Bali Tiger was driven to extinction.
Also the Saltwater crocodiles have disappeared and the leopards moved to the neighbour island Java.